Biodegradble.ie is part of Polybags.co.uk - our parent website and the UK's largest manufacturer of polythene packaging products and eco-friendly alternatives.
This website was established to offer Irish customers a huge range of environmentally-friendly packaging products, with big savings to be made for those who buy in bulk.
Polybags manufactures and stocks a huge range of eco-packaging, along with traditional polythene and polypropylene products. Most of our range can be custom-made and printed with your own logo or design to provide a personalised, professional product.
Biodegradable plastic knowledge
The Top 5 Benefits of utilising Compostable Packaging Film
These positive traits of compostable packaging film means it is an invaluable packaging origin. Although it is in its infancy, the benefits of compostable packaging film means demand for this highly sought after packaging material is continuing to grow and this will only become more valuable in the future.
Referring to FIG. 1B, as shown by the dotted arrow, 5 to 40% by weight of a non-biodegradable plastic is mixed with mixture 4 of biodegradable plastic 1 and coconut powder 5 in the processing to form modified pellet 8'. This blended product is processed similarly to pellet 8 and manufactures modified pellet 8' (FIG. 1B).
Most people are curious, what is the alternative between an oxo-degradable, biodegradable and Zero Plastic bags. We don’t tell, we display… =) Let’s see at the comparison of other bags and none plastic, 100% biodegradable bags:
Contrary to PLA biodegradable products, oxo-degradable bags provide an environ-mentally safe product without affecting performance at an economically sensitive price.
Flour / Semolina / Starch Bags
What Do You Mean By Eco-Friendly Bags In Particular?
The buyers who have a honest intention of keeping the greeneries should stand the view of utilising the eco-friendly bags. In another method, you are also raising your voice against those who intend to hurt the atmosphere. Usually, it takes about 1000 years for a plastic bag to decompose; so, you can contemplate the threat it poses to the air. However, canvas bags, paper bags, and cotton bags befit the view of saving the environment at its optimal.
Green Packaging Statement
So how did we rise to such awesomeness? Well, we were born from one man’s frustration with the lack of availability of a superb ol’ environmental bag for his shopping. Ok, that wasn’t the all story. You see, said man, had plenty environmental bags nevertheless said man also had (well has…miraculously) a wife. Now said wife did most of the grocery shopping, nevertheless each time arrived home with multiple plastic bags (filled with lots of expensive unnecessary things, nevertheless I digress.)
What are compostable bags?
What Are Compostable Bags Made Of? How Do You Dispose Of Them Correctly? Compostable bags aim to provide a more eco-friendly option for carrying products and collecting household food waste. A compostable bag is a substitute to the more notorious plastic bag, which we now clearly know has a disastrous impact on the environment both in its raw material extraction and afterlife when its discarded. The view of a compostable bag is that it will naturally smash down into biological nutrients once it's been used. These nutrients will then be used to enrich soils with none harmful side effects for the environment. This seems logical as most compostable bags are manufactured from plant-based materials, which makes it a much more sustainable method to deal with food waste disposal and reduce our reliance on plastic. Despite this superb news for the environment, it's not frequently so simple in reality. This blog will be talking particularly about compostable bags, not biodegradable ones. There is confusion above these terms, particularly for the consumer, nevertheless I'll hopefully makes these much clearer for you by the time you've reached the bottom of this mail. So, let's come by out what compostable bags are, what they are manufactured from and how to deal with them. What are compostable bags? Let's acquire the first thing transparent: A compostable bag is not the same as a biodegradable bag. Here's why. The term compostable means that the product will absolutely smash down into its biological constituents after a certain amount of time, enriching the soil with nutrients and leaving no visible signs or toxic residues. To be labelled as compostable', a product must be certified by one of separate bodies (more on this shortly) as proof. A compostable bag must smash down within a certain time leaving no visible signs or harmful chemicals in the environment. Source: Tinyecohomelife On the other hand, the term biodegradable does not have an official, regulated definition . The word biodegradable' means that the product can be broken down by microorganisms. This does not necessarily mean that the biodegradable product is eco-friendly. After all, plastic will biodegrade and smash down in the normal world, nevertheless as you know, this is not superb for the environment and ecosystems at big. These discrepancies do cause confusion and it's easy to see why. What we do know about a compostable bag is that it will biodegrade within a certain time frame and be beneficial for our all-necessary soil. Compostable bags are now used as a replacement for plastic alternatives. The two main uses of a compostable bag are to grasp shopping in and to line a kitchen food waste bin. Once food waste has been collected, the bag and food inside can then be put into your bigger food waste bin for assortment from the local council in the UK (not all councils may offer this). Many shops and supermarkets, like Co-op , now offer compostable bags to transport your shopping and products home. Once home, these compostable bags can then be reused to line food waste caddies. How do I know if a bag is compostable? New compostable carrier bag from the Co-op with the Seedling emblem. Source: Co-op A compostable bag will be officially certified with one or numerous emblems as proof of its compostability. The most necessary emblem to see out for is the Seedling emblem (a of European Bioplastics), as well as the alphanumeric label: EN13432 . EN13432 is a European normal developed in 2000 to assist tackle packaging waste. Certifications and emblem labels, like the Seedling emblem, all adhere to the EN13432 normal. Anything certified as meeting the EN13432 normal conforms to all the compostable criteria outlined and is uniform for industrial composting. A product certified with EN13432 will decompose into biological matter, carbon dioxide and water within 12 weeks . During this time at least 90% of the unique material must have fragmented into parts less than 2mm in size and there should be no harmful substances left in the soil or negative impacts on the environment. EN13432 compostable bags have a close alignment with food waste assortment and commercial composting facilities, including here in the UK. All food waste caddy liners uniform for UK use will have the EN13432 accreditation (if you buy a compostable bag from the supermarket, make sure it also says this before you use it for food waste assortment). The commercial aspect to this is necessary as it means such bags are not uniform for home compost piles. Instead, they must be treated in a industrial composter another bone of confusion. There are other emblems and certifications, like: OK Compost commercial composting (meets EN13432), can be put in your compost bin for assortment (check local council rules) OK Compost Home uniform for home composting, can also be put in your compost bin for assortment (check local council rules) Seedling emblem commercial composting (meets EN13432), can be put in your compost bin for assortment (check local council rules) BPI Compostable North British compostable normal The emblems on one of my food waste caddy liner bags. Marked with: OK Compost, EN13432, Seedling emblem and BPI Compostable emblem What are compostable bags manufactured from? Now we have a better view of what makes a bag compostable and how it's certified, what are compostable bags manufactured from? Compostable bags are manufactured from normal, plant-based materials, including potato starch, corn starch and other vegetable matter. Ensuring a compostable bag is manufactured from plant-based materials means that it will smash down at roughly the same rate as the food waste it collects inside. Any ink used on the compostable bag must also comply with the criteria. Generally, the ink used on these bags are water-based and safe for the soil. Potato and corn starch make for superb raw materials for a compostable bag because of their high starch levels which provide strength for the bags, as well as being a normal material. These assortments are alternative from the potatoes and corn you may eat, nevertheless. Special super high starch assortments are grown, which are largely inedible. In the EU, around 1% of all corn grown is this material-providing assortment. This vegetable matter that goes into making plant-based materials, including compostable bags, has a name: Bioplastics . What are bioplastics? Are they inferior for the environment? As soon as you hear the word plastic', alarm bells may beginning to ring. These are distinct though, let's tell. Bioplastics are plant-based or microorganism-based plastic. A plastic in the technical sense is a synthetic material manufactured from polymers, which are molecules manufactured from plenty repeating units. The leading contrast comes from the material sourcing and production. Bioplastics are 100% plant-based whereas normal' plastic is fossil fuel-based and manufactured from petroleum. Although they do have similar properties, bioplastics have a number of benefits. Firstly, these plant-based bioplastics are manufactured into a number of things, including bags, that are compostable in line with EN13432 in an industrial composter. They also have a lower carbon footprint and are manufactured in a more energy efficient manner compared to petroleum-based plastics. Potatoes like these are grown purely for Bioplastic use. Source: Potatoworldmagazine Concerns above bioplastics There are questions asked above the sustainability of bioplastics, nevertheless. Questions like: How much land is being used? Should crops be grown for plastic instead of food? How much water is needed? There are contrasts between alternative types of bioplastics even. When comparing corn and potato starch for instance, corn requires around 40% more land use than potatoes to manufacture the same amount of starch, as well as requiring irrigation. Potato starch on the other hand takes up less space and requires only normal rainfall. Although bioplastics are compostable, they may cause similar problems to petroleum-based plastics if they leak out into the environment. This is because the bioplastic requirements specific conditions, found in industrial composting facilities, to smash down the chains of polymers that have been created. If only left to their possess device in the environment, a compostable bag may not frequently decompose as you would think or like. This study published in 2019 found that a compostable bag did absolutely smash down in seawater after 3 months nevertheless the same compostable bag was still present when buried in soil after 27 months. Not maybe what you'd expect. So how do you deal with them? Can you put compostable bags in compost? What to do with them? In simple terms there are two types of composting options for you: At home, garden composting Industrial composting A compostable bag that is certified with the EN13432 normal is not uniform for a garden or home composter . Such bags, which constitute the most of compostable bags, are only uniform for industrial composting facilities . This is because the most of current compostable bags require conditions to smash down the bioplastics that are simply not achievable in most home compost piles, like temperature around 150 o C. A compostable bag requirements the proper levels of five key conditions: Heat Moisture Microbes Oxygen Time The proper conditions only cannot be met by garden compost heaps that remain at low temperatures with non-optimal moisture levels. Some compostable bags can be composted at home, nevertheless only certain types. These will be accredited and labelled with certain emblems, like OK Compost Home, to make it transparent. Only specific compostable bags with OK Compost Home emblem are uniform for garden compost piles How do I dispose of a compostable bag? If the bag is labeled with OK Compost Home then you can add the bag along with your food waste into your garden compost pile. If the bag does not distinguish that it's uniform for home composting, then it must be sent to an industrial composting facility. This is where the local council comes in useful with the disposal. For most of us in the UK, it sees a small bit like this: Collect all food waste in a kitchen caddy lined with a compostable bag (labeled EN13432), when it's full dispose the compostable bag into your garden/food waste bin, put this bin outside for assortment by the local council when it's the proper time of the week or month. The only other option is for a compostable bag to proceed into the normal bin that generally makes its method to landfill (last resort) or to an energy recovery facility. Do compostable bags smash down in landfill? This all relies on the conditions of the landfill. Compostable bags are not intended for landfill and in an optimal world they would not acquire disposed here. If the five composting conditions outlined above aren't met sufficiently, a bioplastic-based bag may persist in landfill for a few time in the same method a fossil-fuel based plastic bag would. It will decompose eventually nevertheless unclear after how plenty months or, more likely, years. How long do compostable bags take to decompose? As set out in the EN13432 normal, a compostable bag in an industrial composter must degrade down after 12 weeks (where 90% of the material is in parts less than 2mm) and must be absolutely composted after six months . A compostable bag will smash down into three main parts: Biomass Water Carbon dioxide Microorganisms do the incredible job of composting normal materials into these parts. They work in the same method that a composting toilet works . These small living organisms employ the biological food matter, resulting in a nutrient rich soil called humus. Microorganisms require oxygen and water to do this process effectively and breath out carbon dioxide in turn, only like we transport out. Out in the wild, plenty other animals and microorganisms assist along the method also. When adequate oxygen supply is not present, alternative microorganisms take above. Instead of releasing carbon dioxide, these ones release methane and aren't as efficient at breaking down the waste. This is what can happen in landfill sites where there is not much oxygen about, resulting in inferior smells alongside the more the more potent greenhouse gas methane. An industrial composting facility in Crewe, UK. Source: Wastewise If you're composting a uniform bag in your possess garden compost pile it's likely to take a small longer than the industrial equivalent. In your home heap, it can take anywhere from a few months up to a year or more depending on the compost conditions. When a compostable bag does not reach an industrial composter, or it is not uniform for home composting, it can take a lot longer to decompose. A study by Napper and Thompson , published in 2019, tested out numerous bag types in three alternative conditions: open air, buried below soil and submerged in seawater above a 3 year period. In the marine environment, the compostable bag absolutely degraded after 3 months nevertheless it did not acquire on so well in the other environments. In the open air, the compostable bag fragmented into small bits after 9 months, nevertheless it was still in one part when buried in soil for two and a quarter years, although it had lost most of its strength. In the experiment, other bags, like ones labelled by the manufacturer as biodegradable' and OXO-degradable', were still present in both soil and water after three years and could even grasp shopping! Is a compostable bag the same as a biodegradable bag? No, a compostable bag is not the same as a biodegradable bag. As shown in Napper and Thompson's study, a compostable bag and one labelled as biodegradable smash down very differently in the environment. Anything labelled as biodegradable should be treated with caution. It sounds like it should be superb for the environment, nevertheless in reality it's rarely the case. Biodegradable is a big, flimsy term with very few regulations meaning producers can use the term without plenty repercussions, causing big confusing for people at big. This differs significantly to an item labelled compostable', which is tightly regulated and must meet specific compostable criteria as identified in the EN13432 normal. Some biodegradable bags are indeed manufactured from plant-based materials whereas the rest are fossil fuel-based with a number of additives to make it breakdown in the environment at a faster rate. Just what they are breaking down into (and whether this is superb for the environment highly unlikely) is another question absolutely. Although a compostable bag is biodegradable, a biodegradable bag is not necessarily compostable. A biodegradable bag is not the same as a compostable bag like this food waste caddy liner. Source: Tinyecohomelife There's no doubt that bioplastic-based compostable bags are much better for the environment that normal plastic predecessours. As you may have gathered, it's strange that a material contains perfect eco-friendly credentials without having a few kind of impact, whether this is taking up land space or requiring certain conditions to benefit the environment. Compostable bags are a more sustainable step in the proper direction, causing less hurt to the environment and having a smaller carbon footprint. A compostable bag is 100% plant-based, which means it will smash down at the same rate as the food waste is contains inside. I hope it will not be also long until all compostable bags can be used in home compost piles. Read more What Are Compostable Bags Made Of? How Do You Dispose Of Them Correctly? Top 15 Benefits of a Stainless Steel Water Bottle For You and the Environment Bulb Energy Customer Review 2021: Is Bulb a Good Energy Supplier? Is Stainless Steel Sustainable or Bad for the Environment? Is Silicone Better Than Plastic for the Environment? Review: Global WAKEcup Stainless Steel Water Bottle report this ad Hi, I am Ben and simple, sustainable, eco-friendly living is my goal. I also like a UK smash to a shepherd's hut or rural retreat. I aim to share my passion and growing knowledge with you on these areas. Also, retain your eyes peeled for properties of Murphy the Cocker Spaniel.
Top 10 UK retailers to switch to biodegradable packaging materials NOW
Sarah Sabina Malik requirements your assist with The Rt Hon Michael Gove: Top 10 UK retailers to switch to biodegradable packaging materials NOW . Join Sarah Sabina and 552,623 supporters now.
Here are some of the main product categories that Polybags can offer:
- Biodegradable and compostable polythene packaging alternatives - from carrier bags to mailing bags and waste sacks to packing bags - allow people to get the job done whilst reducing the impact on the environment.
- Waste bags and sacks
- This massive range of bin bags caters for every waste disposal need. It includes traditional bin liners, black sacks, extra strong waste sacks and builders' rubble bags, plus printed recycling bags, specialist waste sacks and biodegradable refuse sacks.
- Mailing bags
- Strong, lightweight and waterproof alternatives to traditional paper envelopes and parcel packaging. Suitable for traditional post or courier transport, mailing bags are available in a range of styles to suit the product, or print your own design to really make an impression with customers.
- Display bags
- Retailers can improve their product presentation with this range of crystal-clear polypropylene bags that add sparkle to any product. Polypropylene is stronger, clearer and cheaper than cellophane, so is the perfect choice for retail displays.
- Clear polythene bags
- Plain polythene bags come in a huge range of sizes and thicknesses to serve a multitude of purposes, from storing small items to packing furniture, paintings or other large items in storage or transit.
- Grip and zip seal bags
- Resealable bags that open and close with either a squeeze-shut grip seal or a zip-style fastener that runs along the length of the bag opening. Handy for storing small- to medium-sized items and protecting them from dust, dirt or moisture.
- Carrier bags
- The world's most popular type of polythene bag and a must-have for retailers everywhere, the carrier bag provides a handy way for customers to transport their purchased products from the shop to their car, home or workplace.
- Polythene rolls
- Polythene film, tubing and plastic sheeting sold on the roll caters for a huge range of tasks, from packing products of all shapes and sizes to protecting large surface areas and items of furniture from dust or debris during building, painting or decorating.
- Bubble packaging
- Bubble-lined polythene film, commonly known as bubble wrap, provides air-cushioned protection for fragile or delicate items, whilst bubble bags are handy protective bags made from bubble wrap.
- Garment covers
- These thin polythene covers, shaped to fit neatly over a coat hanger, are used to protect clothing in storage or transit, making them a popular choice with dry cleaners everywhere.
- Specialist bags
- Polybags stock a wide range of polythene products catering for very specific needs, from film-front display bags to vacuum pouch bags for food, plus a range of specialist waste sacks to help dispose of asbestos, clinical waste and a variety of recyclable products.
- Packing accessories
- A range of packaging accessories to cater for transporting or delivering a variety of products, including stretch wrap, packing tape, bag clips, sack ties, sealing machines, box labels, pallet strapping and much more.